Channelpedia

PubMed 18727920


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1



Title: Some effects of the venom of the Chilean spider Latrodectus mactans on endogenous ion-currents of Xenopus laevis oocytes.

Authors: Jorge Parodi, Fernando Romero, Ricardo Miledi, Ataúlfo Martínez-Torres

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2008 Oct 31 , 375, 571-5

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18727920


Abstract
A study was made of the effects of the venom of the Chilean spider Latrodectus mactans on endogenous ion-currents of Xenopus laevis oocytes. 1 microg/ml of the venom made the resting plasma membrane potential more negative in cells voltage-clamped at -60 mV. The effect was potentially due to the closure of one or several conductances that were investigated further. Thus, we determined the effects of the venom on the following endogenous ionic-currents: (a) voltage-activated potassium currents, (b) voltage-activated chloride-currents, and (c) calcium-dependent chloride-currents (Tout). The results suggest that the venom exerts its action mainly on a transient outward potassium-current that is probably mediated by a Kv channel homologous to shaker. Consistent with the electrophysiological evidence we detected the expression of the mRNA coding for xKv1.1 in the oocytes.