PubMed 18199585

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2

Title: IGF-I alleviates diabetes-induced RhoA activation, eNOS uncoupling, and myocardial dysfunction.

Authors: Jun Ren, Jinhong Duan, D Paul Thomas, Xiaoping Yang, Nair Sreejayan, James R Sowers, Annarosa Leri, Jan Kajstura, Feng Gao, Piero Anversa

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol., 2008 Mar , 294, R793-802

PubMed link:

IGF-I rescues diabetic heart defects and oxidative stress, although the underlying mechanism of action remains poorly understood. This study was designed to delineate the beneficial effects of IGF-I with a focus on RhoA, Akt, and eNOS coupling. Echocardiography was performed in normal or diabetic Friend Virus-B type (FVB) and IGF-I transgenic mice. Cardiomyocyte contractile properties were evaluated using peak shortening (PS), time-to-90% relengthening (TR90), and intracellular Ca2+ rise and decay. Diabetes reduced fraction shortening, PS, and intracellular Ca2+; it increased chamber size, prolonged TR90, and intracellular Ca2+ decay. Levels of RhoA mRNA, active RhoA, and O2(-) were elevated, whereas nitric oxide (NO) levels were reduced in diabetes. Diabetes-induced O2(-) accumulation was ablated by the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), indicating endothelial NOS (eNOS) uncoupling, all of which except heart size were negated by IGF-I. The IGF-I-elicited beneficial effects were mimicked by the Rho kinase inhibitor Y27632 and BH4. Diabetes depressed expression of Kv1.2 and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), increased beta-myosin heavy-chain expression, stimulated p38 MAPK, and reduced levels of total Akt and phosphorylated Akt/eNOS, all of which with the exception of myosin heavy chain were attenuated by IGF-I. In addition, Y27632 and the eNOS coupler folate abrogated glucose toxicity-induced PS decline, TR90 prolongation, while it increased O2(-) and decreased NO and Kv1.2 levels. The DHFR inhibitor methotrexate impaired myocyte function, NO/O2(-) balance, and rescued Y27632-induced cardiac protection. These results revealed that IGF-I benefits diabetic hearts via Rho inhibition and antagonism of diabetes-induced decrease in pAkt, eNOS uncoupling, and K+ channel expression.