Channelpedia

PubMed 18427281


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5



Title: Characterization of human cardiac Kv1.5 inhibition by the novel atrial-selective antiarrhythmic compound AVE1231.

Authors: Joachim R Ehrlich, Hellen Ocholla, Daniel Ziemek, Hartmut Rütten, Stefan H Hohnloser, Heinz Gögelein

Journal, date & volume: J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol., 2008 Apr , 51, 380-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18427281


Abstract
Atrial-selective drug therapy represents a novel therapeutic approach for atrial fibrillation management. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of hKv1.5 channel inhibition by the atrial-selective compound AVE1231.Ionic currents were recorded from CHO cells transfected with KCNA5 cDNA with whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The effect of AVE1231 on human atrial cell action potentials was explored with a computer model.KCNA5 expression resulted in typical K currents that activated and inactivated voltage dependently. Ascending concentrations of AVE1231 (0.1-100 microM) led to concentration- and voltage-dependent current inhibition (IC50 at +40 mV: 2.0 +/- 0.5 microM, Hill coefficient 0.69 +/- 0.12). Acceleration of hKv1.5 current inactivation occurred with increasing AVE1231 concentrations, indicating channel inhibition in the open state (eg, taufast at +40 mV: 318 +/- 92 milliseconds under control; 14 +/- 1 milliseconds with 3 microM, P < 0.05). Using 1/taufast as an approximation of the time course of drug-channel interaction, association rate (K+1) and dissociation rate (K-1) constants were 8.18 x 10 M/s and 45.95 seconds, respectively (KD = 5.62 microM). The onset of current inhibition occurred more rapidly with higher concentrations along with a prominent tail current crossover phenomenon after AVE1231 application. Drug inhibition remained effective through a range of stimulation frequencies. Computer modeling suggested more pronounced prolongation of action potential duration under conditions of atrial remodeling.AVE1231 is an inhibitor of hKv1.5 currents with predominant action on channels in their open state; thus, it may be suitable for the treatment of AF.