Channelpedia

PubMed 9497384


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1



Title: Activation of a metabotropic glutamate receptor and protein kinase C reduce the extent of inactivation of the K+ channel Kv1.1/Kvbeta1.1 via dephosphorylation of Kv1.1.

Authors: M Levy, J Jing, D Chikvashvili, W B Thornhill, I Lotan

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 1998 Mar 13 , 273, 6495-502

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9497384


Abstract
Various brain K+ channels, which may normally exist as complexes of alpha (pore-forming) and beta (auxiliary) subunits, were subjected to regulation by metabotropic glutamate receptors. Kv1.1/Kvbeta1.1 is a voltage-dependent K+ channel composed of alpha and beta proteins that are widely expressed in the brain. Expression of this channel in Xenopus oocytes resulted in a current that had fast inactivating and noninactivating components. Previously we showed that basal and protein kinase A-induced phosphorylation of the alpha subunit at Ser-446 decreases the fraction of the noninactivating component. In this study we investigated the effect of protein kinase C (PKC) on the channel. We showed that a PKC-activating phorbol ester (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)) increased the noninactivating fraction via activation of a PKC subtype that was inhibited by staurosporine and bisindolylmaleimide but not by calphostin C. However, it was not a PKC-induced phosphorylation but rather a dephosphorylation that mediated the effect. PMA reduced the basal phosphorylation of Ser-446 significantly in plasma membrane channels and failed to affect the inactivation of channels having an alpha subunit that was mutated at Ser-446. Also, the activation of coexpressed mGluR1a known to activate phospholipase C mimicked the effect of PMA on the inactivation via induction of dephosphorylation at Ser-446. Thus, this study identified a potential neuronal pathway initiated by activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a coupled to a signaling cascade that possibly utilized PKC to induce dephosphorylation and thereby to decrease the extent of inactivation of a K+ channel.