PubMed 8987971

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2

Title: An essential binding surface for ShK toxin interaction with rat brain potassium channels.

Authors: M W Pennington, V M Mahnir, I Khaytin, I Zaydenberg, M E Byrnes, W R Kem

Journal, date & volume: Biochemistry, 1996 Dec 24 , 35, 16407-11

PubMed link:

An "Ala scan" analysis of ShK toxin, a 35-residue basic peptide possessing three disulfide bonds, identifies seven side chains which influence binding to brain delayed rectifier potassium channels. Additional analogs were synthesized and tested to further decipher the roles of these residues, particularly Tyr23. The inhibitory effects of these analogs on 125I-labeled dendrotoxin binding to rat brain membranes showed that replacement of Tyr23 with Ala drastically lowered the affinity of the toxin for the Kv1.2 channels. Ala substitution of Phe27 reduced potency more than 15-fold. Monosubstituted Ala analogs for Ile7, Ser20, or Lys30 each displayed 5-fold reductions in potency. Thus, aromaticity at position 23 is important for effective delayed rectifier brain K channel binding. In contrast, the aromatic residue at position 27 was not critical, since cyclohexylalanine substitution increased affinity. The solution structure of ShK toxin clusters Ile7, Arg11, Ser20, Lys22, Tyr23, and Phe27 in close proximity, forming the potassium channel binding surface of the toxin. We propose an essential binding surface on the toxin in which Lys22 and Tyr23 are major contributors, through ionic and aromatic (hydrophobic) interactions, with the potassium channel.