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PubMed 19191329


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Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1



Title: Increasing the number of diagnostic mutations in malignant hyperthermia.

Authors: Soledad Levano, Mirko Vukcevic, Martine Singer, Anja Matter, Susan Treves, Albert Urwyler, Thierry Girard

Journal, date & volume: Hum. Mutat., 2009 Apr , 30, 590-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19191329


Abstract
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by abnormal calcium homeostasis in skeletal muscle in response to triggering agents. Today, genetic investigations on ryanodine receptor type 1 (RYR1) gene and alpha1 subunit of the dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) (CACNA1S) gene have improved the procedures associated with MH diagnosis. In approximately 50% of MH cases a causative RYR1 mutation was found. Molecular genetic testing based on RYR1 mutations for MH diagnosis is challenging, because the causative mutations, most of which are private, are distributed throughout the RYR1 gene. A more comprehensive genetic testing procedure is needed. Therefore, we aim to expand the genetic information related to MH and to evaluate the effect of mutations on the MH phenotype. Performing an in-depth mutation screening of the RYR1 transcript sequence in 36 unrelated MH susceptible (MHS) patients, we identified 17 novel, five rare, and eight non-disease-causing variants in 23 patients. The 13 remaining MHS patients presented no known variants, neither in RYR1 nor in the CACNA1S binding regions to RYR1. The 17 novel variants were found to affect highly conserved amino acids and were absent in 100 controls. Excellent genotype-phenotype correlations were found by investigating 21 MHS families-a total of 186 individuals. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) lymphoblastoid cells carrying four of these novel mutations showed abnormal calcium homeostasis. The results of this study contribute to the establishment of a robust genetic testing procedure for MH diagnosis.