PubMed 10191264

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv12.1

Title: Positive and negative regulatory elements in the upstream region of the rat Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase gene.

Authors: M S Chang, H Y Yoo, H M Rho

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. J., 1999 Apr 15 , 339 ( Pt 2), 335-41

PubMed link:

Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) catalyses the dismutation of superoxide radicals and neutralizes the oxidative effects of various chemicals. Deletion analysis of the upstream region of the rat SOD1 gene revealed that the promoter contains a positive regulatory element (PRE) and a negative regulatory element (NRE), which encompass the regions from -576 to -412 and from -412 to -305 respectively from the site of initiation of transcription. These DNA elements showed enhancer and silencer activities respectively in the natural context and in a heterologous promoter system. Using an electrophoretic-mobility-shift assay and a supershift assay with a specific antibody, the cis-elements of the PRE and NRE were identified as binding sites for transcription factors Elk1 and YY1 (Ying-Yang 1) respectively. Consistent with the presumed roles of the PRE and NRE, Elk1 increased SOD1 gene transcription about 4-5-fold, whereas YY1 exerted a negative effect of about 6-fold. Mutations of the Elk1- and YY1-binding sites led to diminution and elevation respectively of transcriptional activities, both in the natural context and in heterologous promoter systems. These results suggest that the transcription factors Elk1 and YY1, binding in the PRE and NRE respectively, co-ordinate the expression of the SOD1 gene.