Channelpedia

PubMed 9847664


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1



Title: [Initial symptoms and mode of neurological progression in spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6)]

Authors: I Yabe, H Sasaki, I Yamashita, A Takei, T Fukazawa, T Hamada, K Tashiro

Journal, date & volume: Rinsho Shinkeigaku, 1998 Jun , 38, 489-94

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9847664


Abstract
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is genetically defined as a group of SCA characterized by late-onset pure cerebellar ataxia clinically and by a small CAG repeat expansion in the gene encoding the alpha 1A-voltage-dependent-Ca channel subunit (CACNL1A4) on chromosome 19p13.1 genetically. We analyzed the initial symptoms and the mode of progression in this disorder on 25 genetically verified patients. The initial symptoms were recurrent episodes of transient vertigo (72%) or unsteady gait (28%). Neurologically, they showed apparent gaze-evoked nystagmus (92%), transient positional nystagmus (83%), and periodic alternating nystagmus (4%), in addition to cerebellar ataxia. In addition to these episodic symptoms, all patients developed progressive cerebellar ataxia over years. These fluctuating symptoms at the initial stage of the illness were clearly different from those of other SCA, rather overlapping with those of episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2), an allelic disorder of SCA6. The clinical similarity indicates that there might be a common mechanism at least in part causing these two disorders. The mode of progression and their neurological features were also presented.