Channelpedia

PubMed 10394001


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kv1.1 , Kv1.5 , Kv11.1



Title: Effect of verapamil enantiomers and metabolites on cardiac K+ channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes.

Authors: S Waldegger, G Niemeyer, K Mörike, C A Wagner, H Suessbrich, A E Busch, F Lang, M Eichelbaum

Journal, date & volume: Cell. Physiol. Biochem., 1999 , 9, 81-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10394001


Abstract
The effect of verapamil and its enantiomers and metabolites on cardiac action potential repolarizing potassium channels was tested. For this purpose, the potassium channels Kv1.1, Kv1.5, Kir2.1, and HERG, and the IsK subunit of the IKs-channel complex were expressed in Xenopus oocytes and two-electrode voltage-clamp experiments were performed. Verapamil induced a concentration-dependent block of Kv1. 1-, Kv1.5-, IKs-, and HERG-induced currents with IC50 values of 14.0 +/- 2.7 microM (n = 4), 5.1 +/- 0.5 microM (n = 6), 161.0 +/- 26.3 microM (n = 4), and 3.8 +/- 0.2 microM (n = 5), respectively. The same potency of HERG channel inhibition was observed for the optical enantiomers (+)-verapamil (IC50 = 3.5 +/- 0.4 microM, n = 5) and (-)-verapamil (IC50 = 4.0 +/- 0.7 microM, n = 4), as well as the derivatives norverapamil (D591; IC50 = 3.8 +/- 0.3 microM, n = 4) and D703 (IC50 = 2.2 +/- 0.4 microM, n = 4). The verapamil metabolites D620 and D617 did not block HERG-induced currents at concentrations of up to 30 microM (n = 3). These results demonstrate that cardiac delayed rectifier potassium currents are sensitive targets to calcium channel blockers.