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PubMed 10051016


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1



Title: Genetics of the SCA6 gene in a large family segregating an autosomal dominant "pure" cerebellar ataxia.

Authors: J García-Planells, A Cuesta, J J Vilchez, F Martínez, F Prieto, F Palau

Journal, date & volume: J. Med. Genet., 1999 Feb , 36, 148-51

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10051016


Abstract
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is an autosomal dominant cerebellar degeneration caused by the expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat in the CACNA1A gene. Mutations in patients are characterised by expanded alleles of between 21 and 30 repeat units and by extreme gonadal stability when transmitted from parents to children. We have investigated the SCA6 mutation in a large Spanish kindred in which previously reported spinocerebellar SCA genes and loci had been excluded. We observed a 23 CAG repeat expanded allele in the 13 clinically affected subjects and in three out of 10 presymptomatic at risk subjects. Transmission of the mutant allele was stable in six parent to child pairs and in 29 meioses through the pedigree. Linkage analysis with the SCA6-CAG polymorphism and marker D19S221 confirmed the location of SCA6 on chromosome 19p13. The molecular findings in this large family confirm the expansion of the CAG repeat in the CACNA1A gene as the cause of SCA6 and the high meiotic stability of the repeat.