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PubMed 18596559


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4



Title: Effect of steroids, acetyl-cysteine and calcium-activated chloride channel inhibitors on allergic mucin expression in sinus mucosa.

Authors: Hans-Peter Hauber, Armin Steffen, Torsten Goldmann, Ekkehard Vollmer, Hsiao-Ling Hung, Barbara Wollenberg, Peter Zabel

Journal, date & volume: Laryngoscope, 2008 Sep , 118, 1528-33

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18596559


Abstract
Allergic inflammation of the upper airways is commonly associated with mucus hypersecretion. At present, there is no specific mucus regulating drug available. Our goal was to investigate the effect of glucocorticosteroids, acetyl-cysteine (ACC), and calcium-activated chloride channel (CLCA) inhibitors in a model of Th2 type cytokine induced mucin expression in human airway mucosa.Prospective.Explanted tissue from human sinus mucosa was stimulated with interleukin (IL)-4, IL-9, or IL-13. Different concentrations of dexamethasone, ACC, or CLCA inhibitors [niflumic acid (NFA) or MSI-2216] were added to stimulated tissue. Epithelial mucin expression was quantified using periodic acid-Schiff staining.IL-4, IL-9, and IL-13 significantly increased epithelial mucin expression (P < .05). Dexamethasone reduced Th2 type cytokine induced mucin expression in a dose-dependent manner being statistically significant at concentrations >or=4.0 micromol/L (IL-4) and >or=40.0 micromol/L (IL-9 and IL-13) (P < .05). ACC had no significant effect on IL-4 and IL-13 induced mucin expression, whereas IL-9 induced mucin expression was significantly decreased at concentrations >or=3.0 mmol/L (P < .05). NFA and MSI-2216 decreased Th2 type cytokine induced mucin expression in a dose-dependent manner. This effect was statistically significant at concentrations >or=100 micromol/L (NFA) and >or=50 micromol/L (MSI-2216) (P < .05).Th2 type cytokines can induce mucin expression in a model of explanted human airway mucosa. Th2 type cytokine induced mucin expression can be effectively reduced by either glucocorticosteroids or CLCA inhibitors ex vivo. Besides glucocorticosteroids CLCA inhibitors may offer an alternative therapeutic approach to treat allergic mucus hypersecretion.