PubMed 18571730

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1

Title: d-Amphetamine inhibits inwardly rectifying potassium channels in Xenopus oocytes expression system.

Authors: Chien-Hsing Lee, Horng-Huei Liou, Kuan-Ling Lu, Yi-Chun Shen, Ming-Cheng Tsai

Journal, date & volume: Neurotoxicology, 2008 Jul , 29, 638-46

PubMed link:

Effects of d-amphetamine on the renal outer medullary potassium (ROMK1) channels were tested in the Xenopus oocytes expression system. Xenopus oocytes were injected with mRNA coding for wild-type or mutant ROMK1 channels. Giant inside-out patch-clamp recordings were performed. d-Amphetamine inhibited the activity of ROMK1 channels in a manner that was concentration-dependent but voltage-independent. ROMK1 channels are regulated by intracellular pH (pH i) and protein kinase A (PKA). d-Amphetamine decreased the activity of wild-type and pH i gating residue mutant (K80M) channels over a range of pH i values. However, d-amphetamine failed to reduce channel activity in the presence of PKA inhibitors (H89 and KT 5720) and had no inhibitory effect on the mutants of PKA-phosphorylation sites (S44A, S219A, or S313A), mutants that mimicked the negative charge carried by a phosphate group bound to a serine (S44D, S219D, or S313D), or mutant channels with a positive charge (S219R). These findings suggest that d-amphetamine inhibits ROMK1 channels independently of the pH i. The effects of d-amphetamine on ROMK1 channels may be due to a conformational change induced by PKA-mediated phosphorylation, but not to charge-charge interactions.