PubMed 11010971

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Alternative splicing in intracellular loop connecting domains II and III of the alpha 1 subunit of Cav1.2 Ca2+ channels predicts two-domain polypeptides with unique C-terminal tails.

Authors: P A Wielowieyski, J T Wigle, M Salih, P Hum, B S Tuana

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2001 Jan 12 , 276, 1398-406

PubMed link:

Novel splice variants of the alpha(1) subunit of the Ca(v)1.2 voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel were identified that predicted two truncated forms of the alpha(1) subunit comprising domains I and II generated by alternative splicing in the intracellular loop region linking domains II and III. In rabbit heart splice variant 1 (RH-1), exon 19 was deleted, which resulted in a reading frameshift of exon 20 with a premature termination codon and a novel 19-amino acid carboxyl-terminal tail. In the RH-2 variant, exons 17 and 18 were deleted, leading to a reading frameshift of exons 19 and 20 with a premature stop codon and a novel 62-amino acid carboxyl-terminal tail. RNase protection assays with RH-1 and RH-2 cRNA probes confirmed the expression in cardiac and neuronal tissue but not skeletal muscle. The deduced amino acid sequence from full-length cDNAs encoding the two variants predicted polypeptides of 99.0 and 99.2 kDa, which constituted domains I and II of the alpha(1) subunit of the Ca(v)1.2 channel. Antipeptide antibodies directed to sequences in the second intracellular loop between domains II and III identified the 240-kDa Ca(v)1.2 subunit in sarcolemmal and heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum (HSR) membranes and a 99-kDa polypeptide in the HSR. An antipeptide antibody raised against unique sequences in the RH-2 variant also identified a 99-kDa polypeptide in the HSR. These data reveal the expression of additional Ca(2+) channel structural units generated by alternative splicing of the Ca(v)1.2 gene.