PubMed 11207433

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2

Title: The molecular basis of O2-sensing and hypoxia tolerance in pheochromocytoma cells.

Authors: P W Conrad, L Conforti, S Kobayashi, D Beitner-Johnson, R T Rust, Y Yuan, H W Kim, R H Kim, K Seta, D E Millhorn

Journal, date & volume: Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, Biochem. Mol. Biol., 2001 Feb , 128, 187-204

PubMed link:

Hypoxia is a common environmental stimulus. However, very little is known about the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to changes in oxygen. Our laboratory has utilized the PC12 cell line in order to study the biophysical and molecular response to hypoxia. The current review summarizes our results. We demonstrate that the O2-sensitive K(+) channel, Kv1.2, is present in PC12 cells and plays a critical role in the hypoxia-induced depolarization of PC12 cells. Previous studies have shown that PC12 cells secrete a variety of autocrine/paracrine factors, including dopamine, norepinephrine, and adenosine during hypoxia. We investigated the mechanisms by which adenosine modulates cell function and the effect of chronic hypoxia on this modulation. Finally, we present results identifying the mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinases (MAPKs and SAPKs) as hypoxia-regulated protein kinases. Specifically, we show that p38 and an isoform, p38gamma, are activated by hypoxia. In addition, our results demonstrate that the p42/p44 MAPK protein kinases are activated by hypoxia. We further show that p42/p44 MAPK is critical for the hypoxia-induced transactivation of endothelial PAS-domain protein 1 (EPAS1), a hypoxia-inducible transcription factor. Together, these results provide greater insight into the mechanisms by which cells sense and adapt to hypoxia.