Channelpedia

PubMed 11744747


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.4 , Kir3.1 , Kir3.4



Title: Functional expression and FRET analysis of green fluorescent proteins fused to G-protein subunits in rat sympathetic neurons.

Authors: V Ruiz-Velasco, S R Ikeda

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2001 Dec 15 , 537, 679-92

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11744747


Abstract
1. cDNA constructs coding for a yellow-emitting green fluorescent protein (GFP) mutant fused to the N-terminus of the G-protein subunit beta 1 (YFP-beta 1) and a cyan-emitting GFP mutant fused to the N-terminus of the G-protein subunit gamma 2 (CFP-gamma 2) were heterologously expressed in rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons following intranuclear injection of the tagged subunits. The ability of the tagged subunits to modulate effectors, form a heterotrimer and couple to receptors was characterized using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET) was also measured to determine the protein-protein interaction between the two fusion proteins. 2. Similar to co-expression of untagged beta 1/gamma 2, co-expression of YFP-beta 1/gamma 2, beta 1/CFP-gamma 2, or YFP-beta 1/CFP-gamma 2 resulted in a significant increase in basal N-type Ca(2+) channel facilitation when compared to uninjected neurons. Furthermore, the noradrenaline (NA)-mediated inhibition of Ca(2+) channels was significantly attenuated. 3. Co-expression of YFP-beta 1/CFP-gamma 2 with G-protein-gated inwardly rectifying K(+) channels (GIRK1 and GIRK4) resulted in tonic GIRK currents that were blocked by Ba(2+). 4. The ability of the tagged subunits to form heterotrimers was tested by co-injecting either tagged or untagged G beta 1 and G gamma 2 with excess G alpha(oA) cDNA. Under these conditions, the NA-mediated Ca(2+) current inhibition was significantly decreased when compared to uninjected neurons. 5. Coupling to the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor was reconstituted in neurons expressing pertussis toxin (PTX)-insensitive G alpha(oA) and either tagged or untagged G beta 1 gamma 2 subunits. Application of NA to PTX-treated cells resulted in a voltage-dependent inhibition of N-type Ca(2+) currents. 6. FRET measurements in the SCG revealed an in vivo interaction between YFP-beta 1 and CFP-gamma 2. Co-expression of untagged beta 1 significantly decreased the interaction between the two fusion proteins. 7. In summary, the attachment of GFP mutants to the N-terminus of G beta 1 or G gamma 2 does not qualitatively impair their ability to form a heterotrimer, modulate effectors (N-type Ca(2+) and GIRK channels), or couple to receptors.