Channelpedia

PubMed 11230507


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir7.1



Title: Expression and permeation properties of the K(+) channel Kir7.1 in the retinal pigment epithelium.

Authors: M Shimura, Y Yuan, J T Chang, S Zhang, P A Campochiaro, D J Zack, B A Hughes

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2001 Mar 1 , 531, 329-46

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11230507


Abstract
Bovine Kir7.1 clones were obtained from a retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-subtracted cDNA library. Human RPE cDNA library screening resulted in clones encoding full-length human Kir7.1. Northern blot analysis indicated that bovine Kir7.1 is highly expressed in the RPE. Human Kir7.1 channels were expressed in Xenopus oocytes and studied using the two-electrode voltage-clamp technique. The macroscopic Kir7.1 conductance exhibited mild inward rectification and an inverse dependence on extracellular K+ concentration ([K+]o). The selectivity sequence based on permeability ratios was K+ (1.0) approximately Rb+ (0.89) > Cs+ (0.013) > Na+ (0.003) approximately Li+ (0.001) and the sequence based on conductance ratios was Rb+ (9.5) >> K+ (1.0) > Na+ (0.458) > Cs+ (0.331) > Li+ (0.139). Non-stationary noise analysis of Rb+ currents in cell-attached patches yielded a unitary conductance for Kir7.1 of approximately 2 pS. In whole-cell recordings from freshly isolated bovine RPE cells, the predominant current was a mild inwardly rectifying K+ current that exhibited an inverse dependence of conductance on [K+]o. The selectivity sequence based on permeability ratios was K+ (1.0) approximately Rb+ (0.89) > Cs+ (0.021) > Na+ (0.003) approximately Li+ (0.002) and the sequence based on conductance ratios was Rb+ (8.9) >> K+ (1.0) > Na+ (0.59) > Cs+ (0.23) > Li+ (0.08). In cell-attached recordings with Rb+ in the pipette, inwardly rectifying currents were observed in nine of 12 patches of RPE apical membrane but in only one of 13 basolateral membrane patches. Non-stationary noise analysis of Rb+ currents in cell-attached apical membrane patches yielded a unitary conductance for RPE Kir of approximately 2 pS. On the basis of this molecular and electrophysiological evidence, we conclude that Kir7.1 channel subunits comprise the K+ conductance of the RPE apical membrane.