PubMed 11716356

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2

Title: Reciprocal regulation of expression of pore-forming KATP channel genes by hypoxia.

Authors: M Melamed-Frank, A Terzic, A J Carrasco, E Nevo, A Avivi, A P Levy

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Cell. Biochem., 2001 Sep , 225, 145-50

PubMed link:

The ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel is thought to play an important role in the protection of heart and brain against tissue hypoxia. The genetic regulation of the components of the channel by hypoxia has not been previously described. Here, we investigated the regulation of the two pore-forming channel proteins, Kir6.1 and Kir6.2, in response to hypoxia in vivo and in vitro. We find that these two structurally-related inwardly-rectifying potassium channel proteins are reciprocally regulated by hypoxia in vivo, with upregulation of Kir6.1 and down-regulation of Kir6.2, thereby resulting in a significant change in the composition of the channel complex in response to hypoxia. In vitro we describe neuronal and cardiac cell lines in which Kir6.1 is up-regulated by hypoxia, demonstrating that Kir6.1 is a hypoxia-inducible gene. We conclude that the heart and brain display genetic plasticity in response to hypoxic stress through specific genetic reprograming of cytoprotective channel genes.