Channelpedia

PubMed 11880626


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir6.1 , Kir6.2



Title: Nucleotides and phospholipids compete for binding to the C terminus of KATP channels.

Authors: Gordon G Macgregor, Ke Dong, Carlos G Vanoye, LieQi Tang, Gerhard Giebisch, Steven C Hebert

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2002 Mar 5 , 99, 2726-31

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11880626


Abstract
Inwardly rectifying, ATP-sensitive K+ channels (K(ATP)) couple metabolism to either cell excitability (Kir6.x) or potassium secretion (Kir1.1). Phosphatidylinositol phospholipids, like PI(4,5)P2, antagonize nucleotide inhibition of K(ATP) channels enhancing the coupling of metabolic events to cell electrical or transport activity. The mechanism by which phospholipids relieve ATP block is unclear. We have shown that maltose-binding fusion proteins (MBP) containing the COOH termini of K(ATP) channels (Kir1.1, Kir6.1, and Kir6.2) form functional tetramers that directly bind at least two ATP molecules with negative cooperativity. Here we show that purified phosphatidylinositol phospholipids compete for 2,4,6,-trinitrophenyl (TNP)-ATP binding to the COOH termini of K(ATP) channels with EC50 values for PIP2 between 6-8 microM. The phospholipid potency profile was PIP3 > PIP2 = PIP > PI, suggesting that net phospholipid charge was important. A role for head group charge was supported by polycations (neomycin, spermine, and polylysine) reversing the effect of PIP2 on TNP-ATP binding to the Kir1.1 channel COOH terminal fusion protein. In contrast, the water-soluble charged hydrolytic product of PIP2, inositol(1,4,5)P3 (IP3), had no effect on TNP-ATP binding, suggesting that the acyl chain of PIP2 was also necessary for its effect on TNP-ATP binding. Indeed, neutral and charged lipids had weak, but significant, effects on TNP-ATP binding. Whereas microM concentrations of PIP2 could compete with TNP-ATP, we found that mM concentrations of MgATP were required to compete with PIP2 for binding to these K(ATP) channel COOH termini. Thus the COOH termini of K(ATP) channels form a nucleotide- and phospholipid-modulated channel gate on which ATP and phospholipids compete for binding.