PubMed 12015417

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: Molecular determinants of the inhibition of human Kv1.5 potassium currents by external protons and Zn(2+).

Authors: Steven J Kehl, Cyrus Eduljee, Daniel C H Kwan, Shetuan Zhang, David Fedida

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2002 May 15 , 541, 9-24

PubMed link:

Using human Kv1.5 channels expressed in HEK293 cells we assessed the ability of H+o to mimic the previously reported action of Zn(2+) to inhibit macroscopic hKv1.5 currents, and using site-directed mutagenesis, we addressed the mechanistic basis for the inhibitory effects of H(+)(o) and Zn(2+). As with Zn(2+), H(+)(o) caused a concentration-dependent, K(+)(o)-sensitive and reversible reduction of the maximum conductance (g(max)). With zero, 5 and 140 mM K(+)(o) the pK(H) for this decrease of g(max) was 6.8, 6.2 and 6.0, respectively. The concentration dependence of the block relief caused by increasing [K(+)](o) was well fitted by a non-competitive interaction between H(+)(o) and K(+)(o), for which the K(D) for the K(+) binding site was 0.5-1.0 mM. Additionally, gating current analysis in the non-conducting mutant hKv1.5 W472F showed that changing from pH 7.4 to pH 5.4 did not affect Q(max) and that charge immobilization, presumed to be due to C-type inactivation, was preserved at pH 5.4. Inhibition of hKv1.5 currents by H+o or Zn(2+) was substantially reduced by a mutation either in the channel turret (H463Q) or near the pore mouth (R487V). In light of the requirement for R487, the homologue of Shaker T449, as well as the block-relieving action of K(+)(o), we propose that H(+) or Zn(2+) binding to histidine residues in the pore turret stabilizes a channel conformation that is most likely an inactivated state.