Channelpedia

PubMed 19295169


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3



Title: Inhibition of Kv1.3 potassium current by phosphoinositides and stromal-derived factor-1alpha in Jurkat T cells.

Authors: Yuichiro Matsushita, Susumu Ohya, Yoshiaki Suzuki, Haruna Itoda, Takuya Kimura, Hisao Yamamura, Yuji Imaizumi

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2009 May , 296, C1079-85

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19295169


Abstract
The activation of Kv1.3 potassium channel has obligatory roles in immune responses of T lymphocytes. Stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) binds to C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4, activates phosphoinositide 3-kinase, and plays essential roles in cell migration of T lymphocytes. In this study, the effects of phosphoinositides and SDF-1alpha on Kv1.3 current activity were examined in the Jurkat T cell line using whole cell patch-clamp techniques. The internal application of 10 microM phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) or 10 microM phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP(3)) significantly reduced Kv1.3 current, but that of 10 microM phosphatidylinositol-4-monophosphate (PIP) did not. The coapplication of 10 microg/ml anti-PIP(3) antibody with PIP(2) from the pipette did not change the reduction of Kv1.3 current by PIP(2), but the coapplication of the antibody with PIP(3) eliminated the reduction. The heat-inactivated anti-PIP(3) antibody had no effect on PIP(3)-induced inhibition. These results suggest that PIP(2) per se can reduce Kv1.3 current as well as PIP(3). External application of 1 muM Akt-kinase inhibitor VIII did not reverse the effect of intracellular PIP(3). External application of 10 and 30 ng/ml SDF-1alpha significantly reduced Kv1.3 current. Internal application of anti-PIP(3) antibody reversed the SDF-1alpha-induced reduction. These results suggest that, in Jurkat T cells, PIP(2), PIP(3), and SDF-1alpha reduce Kv1.3 channel activity and that the reduction by SDF-1alpha may be mediated by the enhancement of PIP(3) production. These novel inhibitory effects of phosphoinositides and SDF-1alpha on Kv1.3 current may have a significant function as a downregulation mechanism of Kv1.3 activity for the maintenance of T lymphocyte activation in immune responses.