PubMed 15340004

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1

Title: Increased expression of the sodium transporter BSC-1 in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Authors: Prajakta A Sonalker, Stevan P Tofovic, Edwin K Jackson

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 2004 Dec , 311, 1052-61

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The purpose of this study was to compare the expression of BSC-1 (bumetanide-sensitive Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter) in kidneys of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) versus Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats by immunoblotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. To determine the specificity of any observed changes in BSC-1 expression, we also compared expression of the thiazide sensitive Na+-Cl- cotransporter (TSC), the type-3 Na+-H+ exchanger (NHE-3), Na+-K+-ATPase-alpha1, the inwardly rectifying K+ channel (ROMK-1), the type-1 Na+-HCO3- cotransporter (NBC-1), aquaporin-1, and aquaporin-2. Analyses were performed on outer cortex, outer medulla, and inner medulla. BSC-1 protein was detected in outer medulla and was markedly (6-fold) higher in SHR. TSC protein was detected in the cortex and was not overexpressed in SHR. Aquaporin-1 protein was detected in all three regions and was not overexpressed in SHR. Aquaporin-2 and ROMK-1 proteins were detected in all three regions, but were moderately elevated (2-fold) only in the SHR inner medulla. Na+-K+-ATPase and NHE-3 proteins were detected in all three regions. Na+-K+-ATPase-alpha1 was modestly (25%) increased in SHR outer and inner medulla, whereas NHE-3 was moderately (2-fold) increased in the SHR cortex and inner medulla. NBC-1 protein was detected only in the cortex and was higher (2-fold) in SHR. mRNA levels of BSC-1, aquaporin-2, and ROMK-1 were not elevated in SHR, indicating a post-translational mechanism of protein overexpression. High-dose furosemide increased fractional sodium excretion more in SHR than WKY (3-fold). We conclude that increased expression of BSC-1, and to a lesser extent, aquaporin-2, ROMK-1, NHE-3, and NBC-1 may contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension in the SHR.