Channelpedia

PubMed 25269705


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM8



Title: TRPM8 on mucosal sensory nerves regulates colitogenic responses by innate immune cells via CGRP.

Authors: P R de Jong, N Takahashi, M Peiris, S Bertin, J Lee, M G Gareau, A Paniagua, A R Harris, D S Herdman, M Corr, L A Blackshaw, E Raz

Journal, date & volume: Mucosal Immunol, 2015 May , 8, 491-504

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25269705


Abstract
TRPM8 is the molecular sensor for cold; however, the physiological role of TRPM8+ neurons at mucosal surfaces is unclear. Here we evaluated the distribution and peptidergic properties of TRPM8+ fibers in naive and inflamed colons, as well as their role in mucosal inflammation. We found that Trpm8(-/-) mice were hypersusceptible to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis, and that Trpm8(-/-) CD11c+ DCs (dendritic cells) showed hyperinflammatory responses to toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation. This was phenocopied in calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor-deficient mice, but not in substance P receptor-deficient mice, suggesting a functional link between TRPM8 and CGRP. The DSS phenotype of CGRP receptor-deficient mice could be adoptively transferred to wild-type (WT) mice, suggesting that CGRP suppresses the colitogenic activity of bone marrow-derived cells. TRPM8+ mucosal fibers expressed CGRP in human and mouse colon. Furthermore, neuronal CGRP contents were increased in colons from naive and DSS-treated Trpm8(-/-) mice, suggesting deficient CGRP release in the absence of TRPM8 triggering. Finally, treatment of Trpm8(-/-) mice with CGRP reversed their hyperinflammatory phenotype. These results suggest that TRPM8 signaling in mucosal sensory neurons is indispensable for the regulation of innate inflammatory responses via the neuropeptide CGRP.