PubMed 26021981

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1

Title: In vivo and in vitro effects of high-K(+) stress on branchial expression of ROMKa in seawater-acclimated Mozambique tilapia.

Authors: Fumiya Furukawa, Soichi Watanabe, Andre P Seale, Jason P Breves, Darren T Lerner, E Gordon Grau, Toyoji Kaneko

Journal, date & volume: Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol., 2015 Sep , 187, 111-8

PubMed link:

Recently, a teleost ortholog of renal outer medullary K(+) channel (ROMK) expressed in gill ionocytes (ROMKa) has emerged as a primary K(+)-excreting pathway in fish. However, the mechanisms by which ROMKa expression is regulated in response to perturbations of plasma K(+) levels are unknown. In this study, we aimed to identify potential links between the endocrine system and K(+) regulation in a euryhaline fish. We assessed time-course changes in multiple endocrine parameters, including plasma cortisol and gene expression of branchial glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors (GR1, GR2, and MR) and pituitary hormones, in seawater (SW)-acclimated Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) exposed to high-K(+) (H-K) SW. Exposure to H-K SW elicited little effects on plasma cortisol or mRNA levels of GRs and pituitary hormones. Since plasma K(+) and branchial ROMKa expression was increased within 6h after H-K treatment in vivo, the effect of high K(+) was subsequently tested in a gill filament incubation experiment using media with differing K(+) concentrations. ROMKa mRNA levels were induced following incubation of filaments in H-K medium for 6h. The present study is the first to demonstrate that the expression of ROMKa in teleost ionocytes can respond to high K(+) conditions independent from systemic signaling.