Channelpedia

PubMed 27019722


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.7



Title: High-content screening identifies a role for Na(+) channels in insulin production.

Authors: Marta Szabat, Honey Modi, Reshma Ramracheya, Vroni Girbinger, Forson Chan, Jason T C Lee, Micah Piske, Sepehr Kamal, Yu Hsuan Carol Yang, Andrea Welling, Patrik Rorsman, James D Johnson

Journal, date & volume: R Soc Open Sci, 2015 Dec , 2, 150306

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27019722


Abstract
Insulin production is the central feature of functionally mature and differentiated pancreatic β-cells. Reduced insulin transcription and dedifferentiation have been implicated in type 2 diabetes, making drugs that could reverse these processes potentially useful. We have previously established ratiometric live-cell imaging tools to identify factors that increase insulin promoter activity and promote β-cell differentiation. Here, we present a single vector imaging tool with eGFP and mRFP, driven by the Pdx1 and Ins1 promoters, respectively, targeted to the nucleus to enhance identification of individual cells in a high-throughput manner. Using this new approach, we screened 1120 off-patent drugs for factors that regulate Ins1 and Pdx1 promoter activity in MIN6 β-cells. We identified a number of compounds that positively modulate Ins1 promoter activity, including several drugs known to modulate ion channels. Carbamazepine was selected for extended follow-up, as our previous screen also identified this use-dependent sodium channel inhibitor as a positive modulator of β-cell survival. Indeed, carbamazepine increased Ins1 and Ins2 mRNA in primary mouse islets at lower doses than were required to protect β-cells. We validated the role of sodium channels in insulin production by examining Nav1.7 (Scn9a) knockout mice and remarkably islets from these animals had dramatically elevated insulin content relative to wild-type controls. Collectively, our experiments provide a starting point for additional studies aimed to identify drugs and molecular pathways that control insulin production and β-cell differentiation status. In particular, our unbiased screen identified a novel role for a β-cell sodium channel gene in insulin production.