PubMed 27063409

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , Slo1

Title: Salt-Excluding Artificial Water Channels Exhibiting Enhanced Dipolar Water and Proton Translocation.

Authors: Erol Licsandru, Istvan Kocsis, Yue-xiao Shen, Samuel Murail, Yves-Marie Legrand, Arie Van der Lee, Daniel Tsai, Marc Baaden, Manish Kumar, Mihail Barboiu

Journal, date & volume: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2016 Apr 27 , 138, 5403-9

PubMed link:

Aquaporins (AQPs) are biological water channels known for fast water transport (∼10(8)-10(9) molecules/s/channel) with ion exclusion. Few synthetic channels have been designed to mimic this high water permeability, and none reject ions at a significant level. Selective water translocation has previously been shown to depend on water-wires spanning the AQP pore that reverse their orientation, combined with correlated channel motions. No quantitative correlation between the dipolar orientation of the water-wires and their effects on water and proton translocation has been reported. Here, we use complementary X-ray structural data, bilayer transport experiments, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to gain key insights and quantify transport. We report artificial imidazole-quartet water channels with 2.6 Å pores, similar to AQP channels, that encapsulate oriented dipolar water-wires in a confined chiral conduit. These channels are able to transport ∼10(6) water molecules/s, which is within 2 orders of magnitude of AQPs' rates, and reject all ions except protons. The proton conductance is high (∼5 H(+)/s/channel) and approximately half that of the M2 proton channel at neutral pH. Chirality is a key feature influencing channel efficiency.