Channelpedia

PubMed 23806714


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.4 , Nav1 , Nav1.8 , TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: Neurological and cellular regulation of visceral hypersensitivity induced by chronic stress and colonic inflammation in rats.

Authors: J Chen, J H Winston, S K Sarna

Journal, date & volume: Neuroscience, 2013 Sep 17 , 248, 469-78

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23806714


Abstract
The role of inflammation in inducing visceral hypersensitivity (VHS) in ulcerative colitis patients remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that acute ulcerative colitis-like inflammation does not induce VHS. However, it sets up molecular conditions such that chronic stress following inflammation exaggerates single-unit afferent discharges to colorectal distension. We used dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to induce ulcerative colitis-like inflammation and a 9-day heterotypic chronic stress protocol in rats. DSS upregulated Nav1.8 mRNA in colon-responsive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, TRPV1 in colonic muscularis externae (ME) and BDNF in spinal cord without affecting the spike frequency in spinal afferents or VMR to CRD. By contrast, chronic stress did not induce inflammation but it downregulated Kv1.1 and Kv1.4 mRNA in DRG neurons, and upregulated TRPA1 and nerve growth factor in ME, which mediated the increase of spike frequency and VMR to CRD. Chronic stress following inflammation exacerbated spike frequency in spinal afferent neurons. TRPA1 antagonist suppressed the sensitization of afferent neurons. DSS-inflammation did not affect the composition or excitation thresholds of low-threshold and high-threshold fibers. Chronic stress following inflammation increased the percent composition of high-threshold fibers and lowered the excitation threshold of both types of fibers. We conclude that not all types of inflammation induce VHS, whereas chronic stress induces VHS in the absence of inflammation.