PubMed 25758429

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Impaired calcium-calmodulin-dependent inactivation of Cav1.2 contributes to loss of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release refractoriness in mice lacking calsequestrin 2.

Authors: Dmytro O Kryshtal, Oleksiy Gryshchenko, Nieves Gómez-Hurtado, Björn C Knollmann

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2015 May , 82, 75-83

PubMed link:

In cardiac muscle, Ca(2+) release from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is reduced with successively shorter coupling intervals of premature stimuli, a phenomenon known as SR Ca(2+) release refractoriness. We recently reported that the SR luminal Ca(2+) binding protein calsequestrin 2 (Casq2) contributes to release refractoriness in intact mouse hearts, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we further investigate the mechanisms responsible for physiological release refractoriness.Gene-targeted ablation of Casq2 (Casq2 KO) abolished SR Ca(2+) release refractoriness in isolated mouse ventricular myocytes. Surprisingly, impaired Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of L-type Ca(2+) current (ICa), which is responsible for triggering SR Ca(2+) release, significantly contributed to loss of Ca(2+) release refractoriness in Casq2 KO myocytes. Recovery from Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of ICa was significantly accelerated in Casq2 KO compared to wild-type (WT) myocytes. In contrast, voltage-dependent inactivation measured by using Ba(2+) as charge carrier was not significantly different between WT and Casq2 KO myocytes. Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of ICa was normalized by intracellular dialysis of excess apo-CaM (20 μM), which also partially restored physiological Ca(2+) release refractoriness in Casq2 KO myocytes.Our findings reveal that the intra-SR protein Casq2 is largely responsible for the phenomenon of SR Ca(2+) release refractoriness in murine ventricular myocytes. We also report a novel mechanism of impaired Ca(2+)-CaM-dependent inactivation of Cav1.2, which contributes to the loss of SR Ca(2+) release refractoriness in the Casq2 KO mouse model and, therefore, may further increase risk for ventricular arrhythmia in vivo.