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PubMed 25940183


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP



Title: [Relationship between NMDA receptor and postoperative fatigue syndrome and its associated central mechanism].

Authors: Weizhe Chen, Shu Liu, Fanfeng Chen, Chongjun Zhou, Chengle Zhuang, Shijie Shao, Jian Yu, Dongdong Huang, Bicheng Chen, Zhen Yu

Journal, date & volume: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi, 2015 Apr , 18, 376-81

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25940183


Abstract
To explore the central mechanism of postoperative fatigue syndrome by detecting the expression of NMDA receptor and tryptophan metabolism.After being numbered according to the weight, ninety-six male SD rats were randomly divided into control group (bowel loop was flipped after laparotomy and received intraperitoneal injection of saline at a dose of 1 ml/kg), POFS model(70% of the length of small intestine was resected and received intraperitoneal injection of saline at a dose of 1 ml/kg), and NMDA antagonist groups(70% of the length of small intestine was resected and received intraperitoneal injection of MK801 at a dose of 1 ml/kg). Each group was divided into subgroups by postoperative 1, 3, 5 and 7 d, with 8 rats in each subgroup. The hippocampus was removed at each time point after open field test (OFT) to detect the mRNA expression levels of NMDA receptor 1 and kynurenine aminotransferase III((KATIII() by real-time PCR. Protein level of NMDA receptor 1 was detected by Western blot. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to measure the concentrations of tryptophan (TRP), kynurenine (KYN) and kynurenic acid(KYNA). Ultra-structural changes of hippocampal neurons were observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM).As compared to control group, exercise score decreased(P<0.05), rest time and central panel residence time prolonged, periphery/central panel ratio increased (all P<0.05), mRNA and protein expressions of NMDA receptor 1 increased (P<0.05), mRNA expression of KAT III( decreased (P<0.05), KYN/TRP ratio and KYN/KYNA ratio decreased (all P<0.05) in POFS group on postoperative day 1 and 3. As compared to POFS group, central panel residence time and periphery/central panel ratio decreased on postoperative day 1, and mRNA and protein expressions of NMDA receptor 1 decreased on postoperative day 1 and 3 (all P<0.05) in antagonist group. TEM revealed that degenerated neuron was found in the hippocampus of POFS rats, while such damage was improved in antagonist group.The increased expression level of NMDA receptor may play an important role in POFS. NMDA receptor antagonist MK801 may improve the POFS.