Channelpedia

PubMed 24071688


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3



Title: [Effect of metformin on the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2 in rat liver of type 2 diabetes mellitus and nonalcoholic fatty liver].

Authors: Jing Xu, Nan Li, Junhong Wang, Chunhong Zhang, Shimei Ding, Yang Jiao, Jing Zhang

Journal, date & volume: Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban, 2013 Sep , 38, 882-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24071688


Abstract
To observe the effect of metformin on the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2 in rat liver of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and discuss the pathogenesis of T2DM with NAFLD, and the treatment with and possible mechanism of metformin.Thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (group NC, n=12), a T2DM with NAFLD group (group MC, n=12), and a metformin group (group A, n=12). We established the model of T2DM with NAFLD rats by feeding high-fat and high-sugar diet and injecting STZ. After the success establishment of the model, the metformin group was given metformin 300 mg/(kg.d) for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, we measured FBG, ALT, AST, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL, FFAs, FINs and HOMA-IR respectively in group NC, MC and A. We observed the change of liver tissue pathology by HE, determined the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2 in rat liver by immunohistochemical method and real-time quantitative method.FBG, ALT, AST, TC, TG, LDL-C, VLDL, FFAs, FINs and HOMA-IR were higher in group MC than in group NC (P<0.05), while HDL-C was obviously lower in group MC than in group NC (P<0.05). After the metformin treatment, the serum parameters in the rats had improved in group NC compared with in group MC (P<0.05). On immunohistochemical staining and mRNA level, the expression of SIRT1 was obviously lower in group MC than in group NC (P<0.05), and the expression of UCP2 was obviously higher in group MC than in group NC (P<0.05). After the metformin treatment, the expression of SIRT1 was higher than in group MC (P<0.05), and the expression of UCP2 was lower than in group MC (P<0.05). There was negative correlation between the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2 (r=-0.61, P<0.01).The expression of SIRT1 is low and the expression of UCP2 is high in rat liver of T2DM with NAFLD. Metformin can increase the expression of SIRT1 and reduce the expression of UCP2, with negative correlation between the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2.