PubMed 24436055

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.1

Title: Transcription of the human sodium channel SCN1A gene is repressed by a scaffolding protein RACK1.

Authors: Zhao-Fei Dong, Ling-Jia Tang, Guang-Fei Deng, Tao Zeng, Shu-Jing Liu, Rui-Ping Wan, Ting Liu, Qi-Hua Zhao, Yong-Hong Yi, Wei-Ping Liao, Yue-Sheng Long

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Neurobiol., 2014 Oct , 50, 438-48

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated sodium channel α subunit type I (Nav1.1, encoded by SCN1A gene) plays a critical role in the initiation of action potential in the central nervous system. Downregulated expression of SCN1A is believed to be associated with epilepsy. Here, we found that the SCN1A promoter (P1c), located at the 5' untranslated exon 1c, drove the reporter gene expression in human NT2 cells, and a region between nt +53 and +62 downstream of the P1c promoter repressed the promoter activity. Further analyses showed that a scaffolding protein RACK1 (receptor for activated C kinase 1) was involved in binding to this silencer. Knockdown of RACK1 expression in NT2 cells deprived the repressive role of the silencer on the P1c promoter and increased SCN1A transcription, suggesting the potential involvement of RACK1 in negatively regulating SCN1A transcription via interaction with the silencer. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the binding of the protein complex including RACK1 to the SCN1A promoter motif was decreased in neuron-like differentiation of the NT2 cells induced by retinoic acid and resulted in the upregulation of SCN1A transcription. Taken together, this study reports a novel role of RACK1 in regulating SCN1A expression that participates in retinoic acid-induced neuronal differentiation of NT2 cells.