Channelpedia

PubMed 24793642


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1



Title: Fasudil hydrochloride protects neurons in rat hippocampal CA1 region through inhibiting GluR6-MLK3-JNKs signal pathway.

Authors: Xiu-E Wei, Feng-Yu Zhang, Kai Wang, Qing-Xiu Zhang, Liang-Qun Rong

Journal, date & volume: Cell Biochem. Biophys., 2014 Sep , 70, 415-21

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24793642


Abstract
Fasudil hydrochloride (FH), a Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, has been reported to prevent cerebral ischemia in vivo from increasing cerebral blood flow and inhibiting inflammatory responses. However, it is uncertain by what mechanism a ROCK inhibitor can directly protect neurons against ischemic damage. The present study was designed to evaluate whether FH decreased the increased phosphorylation of glutamate receptor 6 (GluR6) and its downstream in GluR6-MLK3-JNKs signal transduction pathway following global transient cerebral ischemia, as a result of protecting against neuronal apoptosis and death. Transient cerebral ischemia was induced by the Pulsinelli-Brierley four-vessel occlusion method. FH (15 mg/kg) was administered to rats by intraperitoneal injection 30 min before ischemia. The phosphorylation and protein expression of GluR6 at 6 h during reperfusion were detected using immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting analysis. The phosphorylation and protein expression of Mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3) at ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) 6 h and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) at I/R 3 d were detected using immunoblotting analysis, respectively. The same method was used to detect the expression of caspase-3 at I/R 6 h. Furthermore, we also use TUNEL staining and Cresyl violet staining to examine the survival neurons in rat hippocampal CA1 regions after 3 and 5 d reperfusion, respectively. Our study indicated that FH could inhibit the increased phosphorylation of GluR6 and MLK3 and the expression of caspase-3 at peaked 6 h of reperfusion and the phosphorylation of JNK (3 d) (p < 0.5). The results of TUNEL staining and Cresyl violet showed that the number of surviving pyramidal neurons in rats hippocampal CA1 subfield increased markedly in FH-treated rats compared with ischemic groups after 3 or 5 d of reperfusion following ischemia (p < 0.5). These results suggested that FH, as a ROCK inhibitor, may be partly responsible for its protective effects against such damage by taking part in GluR6-MLK3-JNKs signaling pathway which modulates ischemic damage. Taken together, this is the first study investigating Rho and ROCK as the upstream of GluR6 taking part in GluR6-MLK3-JNKs signal transduction pathway following cerebral ischemia.