Channelpedia

PubMed 15361858


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1



Title: Control of human potassium channel inactivation by editing of a small mRNA hairpin.

Authors: Tarun Bhalla, Joshua J C Rosenthal, Miguel Holmgren, Robert Reenan

Journal, date & volume: Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 2004 Oct , 11, 950-6

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15361858


Abstract
Genomic recoding by A-->I RNA editing plays an important role in diversifying the proteins involved in electrical excitability. Here, we describe editing of an intronless potassium channel gene. A small region of human K(V)1.1 mRNA sequence directs efficient modification of one adenosine by human adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 2 (hADAR2). Mutational analysis shows that this region adopts a hairpin structure. Electrophysiological characterization reveals that the editing event (I/V) profoundly affects channel inactivation conferred by accessory beta subunits. Drosophila melanogaster Shaker channels, mimicking this editing event through mutation, exhibit a similar effect. In addition, we demonstrate that mRNAs for the paralogous D. melanogaster Shab potassium channel are edited at the same position by fly ADAR-a clear example of convergent evolution driven by adenosine deamination. These results suggest an ancient and key regulatory role for this residue in K(V) channels.