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PubMed 25168891


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Automatically associated channels: ClIC5 , Kir2.3



Title: Pathway analysis of genome-wide association study on serum prostate-specific antigen levels.

Authors: Yu-Zheng Ge, Zheng Xu, Lu-wei Xu, Peng Yu, Yan Zhao, Hui Xin, Ran Wu, Si-Jia Tan, Qun Song, Jian-ping Wu, Wen-Cheng Li, Jia-Geng Zhu, Rui-peng Jia

Journal, date & volume: Gene, 2014 Nov 1 , 551, 86-91

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25168891


Abstract
The wide application of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has contributed to the early diagnosis and improved management of prostate cancer (PCa). Accumulating evidence has suggested the involvement of genetic components in regulating serum PSA levels, and several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified by genome-wide association studies (GWASs). However, the GWASs' results have the limited power to identify the causal variants and pathways. After the quality control filters, a total of 330,540 genotyped SNPs from one GWAS with 657 PCa-free Caucasian males were included for the identify candidate causal SNPs and pathways (ICSNPathway) analysis. In addition, the genotype-phenotype association analysis has been conducted with the data from HapMap database. Overall, a total of four SNPs in three genes and six pathways were identified by ICSNPathway analysis, which in total provided three hypothetical mechanisms. First, CYP26B1 rs2241057 polymorphism (nonsynonymous coding) which leads to a Leu-to-Ser amino acid shift at position 264, was implicated in the pathways including meiosis, proximal/distal pattern formation, and M phase of meiotic cell cycle. Second, CLIC5 rs3734207 and rs11752816 polymorphisms (regulatory region) to the 2 iron, 2 sulfur cluster binding pathway through regulating expression levels of CLIC5 mRNA. Third, rs4819522 polymorphism (nonsynonymous coding) leads to a Thr-to-Met transition at position 350 of TBX1 and involves in the pathways about gland and endocrine system development. In summary, our results demonstrated four candidate SNPs in three genes (CYP26B1 rs2241057, CISD1 rs2251039, rs2590370, and TBX1 rs4819522 polymorphisms), which were involved in six potential pathways to influence serum PSA levels.