PubMed 25564678

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPV , TRPV4

Title: Localized TRPA1 channel Ca2+ signals stimulated by reactive oxygen species promote cerebral artery dilation.

Authors: Michelle N Sullivan, Albert L Gonzales, Paulo W Pires, Allison Bruhl, M Dennis Leo, Wencheng Li, Agathe Oulidi, Frederick A Boop, Yumei Feng, Jonathan H Jaggar, Donald G Welsh, Scott Earley

Journal, date & volume: Sci Signal, 2015 Jan 6 , 8, ra2

PubMed link:

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can have divergent effects in cerebral and peripheral circulations. We found that Ca(2+)-permeable transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channels were present and colocalized with NADPH (reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase 2 (NOX2), a major source of ROS, in the endothelium of cerebral arteries but not in other vascular beds. We recorded and characterized ROS-triggered Ca(2+) signals representing Ca(2+) influx through single TRPA1 channels, which we called "TRPA1 sparklets." TRPA1 sparklet activity was low under basal conditions but was stimulated by NOX-generated ROS. Ca(2+) entry during a single TRPA1 sparklet was twice that of a TRPV4 sparklet and ~200 times that of an L-type Ca(2+) channel sparklet. TRPA1 sparklets representing the simultaneous opening of two TRPA1 channels were more common in endothelial cells than in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells expressing TRPA1. The NOX-induced TRPA1 sparklets activated intermediate-conductance, Ca(2+)-sensitive K(+) channels, resulting in smooth muscle hyperpolarization and vasodilation. NOX-induced activation of TRPA1 sparklets and vasodilation required generation of hydrogen peroxide and lipid-peroxidizing hydroxyl radicals as intermediates. 4-Hydroxy-nonenal, a metabolite of lipid peroxidation, also increased TRPA1 sparklet frequency and dilated cerebral arteries. These data suggest that in the cerebral circulation, lipid peroxidation metabolites generated by ROS activate Ca(2+) influx through TRPA1 channels in the endothelium of cerebral arteries to cause dilation.