PubMed 25576871

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BkB1 , Slo1

Title: 7-Ketocholesterol induces the reduction of KCNMB1 in atherosclerotic blood vessels.

Authors: Yonghae Son, Wonjoo Chun, Yong-Tae Ahn, Koanhoi Kim, Chul-Won Lee, Jong-Myoung Kim, Chu Lee, Won G An

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2015 Feb 13 , 457, 324-7

PubMed link:

Hypertension is a high-risk symptom in atherosclerotic patients, and vascular rigidity is one of the main factors leading to hypertension. β1-Subunit of BKCa channel (KCNMB1; MaxiKβ1) has been reported as a modulator of vascular flexibility. To determine the relationship between atherosclerosis and KCNMB1, we studied some atherogenic factors affecting vascular tone. Blood of atherosclerotic patients shows increased concentration of 7-ketocholesterol (7K), which has been studied as a harmful lipid to blood vessels. Our data showed that KCNMB1 was significantly down-regulated in the presence of 7K, in a dose-/time-dependent manner in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). And, the reduction of KCNMB1 was confirmed in cell images of 7K-stimulated VSMCs and in vessel tissue images of ApoE knock-out mice. To determine whether aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) was involved in the reduction of KCNMB1 by 7K-stimulation, protein level of AhR was analyzed by Western blot. Our data showed that the reduction of KCNMB1 was modulated through the AhR pathway. In conclusion, results of our study suggest that 7K induces the reduction of KCNMB1 through the AhR pathway.