Channelpedia

PubMed 25901329


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1



Title: Polyunsaturated fatty acid analogs act antiarrhythmically on the cardiac IKs channel.

Authors: Sara I Liin, Malin Silverå Ejneby, René Barro-Soria, Mark Alexander Skarsfeldt, Johan E Larsson, Frida Starck Härlin, Teija Parkkari, Bo Hjorth Bentzen, Nicole Schmitt, H Peter Larsson, Fredrik Elinder

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2015 May 5 , 112, 5714-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25901329


Abstract
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) affect cardiac excitability. Kv7.1 and the β-subunit KCNE1 form the cardiac IKs channel that is central for cardiac repolarization. In this study, we explore the prospects of PUFAs as IKs channel modulators. We report that PUFAs open Kv7.1 via an electrostatic mechanism. Both the polyunsaturated acyl tail and the negatively charged carboxyl head group are required for PUFAs to open Kv7.1. We further show that KCNE1 coexpression abolishes the PUFA effect on Kv7.1 by promoting PUFA protonation. PUFA analogs with a decreased pKa value, to preserve their negative charge at neutral pH, restore the sensitivity to open IKs channels. PUFA analogs with a positively charged head group inhibit IKs channels. These different PUFA analogs could be developed into drugs to treat cardiac arrhythmias. In support of this possibility, we show that PUFA analogs act antiarrhythmically in embryonic rat cardiomyocytes and in isolated perfused hearts from guinea pig.