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PubMed 26050670


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1



Title: Brown and Beige Fat: Molecular Parts of a Thermogenic Machine.

Authors: Paul Cohen, Bruce M Spiegelman

Journal, date & volume: Diabetes, 2015 Jul , 64, 2346-51

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26050670


Abstract
The epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes has increased interest in pathways that affect energy balance in mammalian systems. Brown fat, in all of its dimensions, can increase energy expenditure through the dissipation of chemical energy in the form of heat, using mitochondrial uncoupling and perhaps other pathways. We discuss here some of the thermodynamic and cellular aspects of recent progress in brown fat research. This includes studies of developmental lineages of UCP1(+) adipocytes, including the discovery of beige fat cells, a new thermogenic cell type. We also discuss the physiology and transcriptional control of brown and beige cells in rodents and the state of current knowledge about human brown fat.