PubMed 25846134

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNK16 , KCNK3 , KCNK9 , SK1 , SK3 , TRP , TRPV , TRPV1 , TRPV4

Title: Acid sensitivity of the spinal dorsal root ganglia C-fiber nociceptors innervating the guinea pig esophagus.

Authors: F Ru, P Banovcin, M Kollarik

Journal, date & volume: Neurogastroenterol. Motil., 2015 Apr 5 , ,

PubMed link:

Gastroesophageal reflux can cause high acidity in the esophagus and trigger heartburn and pain. However, because of the esophageal mucosal barrier, the acidity at the nerve terminals of pain-mediating C-fibers in esophageal mucosa is predicted to be substantially lower. We hypothesized that the esophageal dorsal root ganglia (DRG) C-fibers are activated by mild acid (compared to acidic reflux), and express receptors and ion channels highly sensitive to acid.Extracellular single unit recordings of activity originating in esophageal DRG C-fiber nerve terminals were performed in the innervated esophagus preparation ex vivo. Acid was delivered in a manner that bypassed the esophageal mucosal barrier. The expression of mRNA for selected receptors in esophagus-specific DRG neurons was evaluated using single cell RT-PCR.Mild acid (pH = 6.5-5.5) activated esophageal DRG C-fibers in a pH-dependent manner. The response to mild acid at pH = 6 was not affected by the TRPV1 selective antagonist iodo-resiniferatoxin. The majority (70-95%) of esophageal DRG C-fiber neurons (TRPV1-positive) expressed mRNA for acid sensing ion channels (ASIC1a, ASIC1b, ASIC2b, and/or ASIC3), two-pore-domain (K2P) potassium channel TASK1, and the proton-sensing G-protein coupled receptor OGR1. Other evaluated targets (PKD2L1, TRPV4, TASK3, TALK1, G2A, GPR4, and TDAG8) were expressed rarely.Guinea pig esophageal DRG C-fibers are activated by mild acid via a TRPV1-independent mechanism, and express mRNA for several receptors and ion channels highly sensitive to acid. The high acid sensitivity of esophageal C-fibers may contribute to heartburn and pain in conditions of reduced mucosal barrier function.