Channelpedia

PubMed 24893330


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.7



Title: The role of TNF-alpha/NF-kappa B pathway on the up-regulation of voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 in DRG neurons of rats with diabetic neuropathy.

Authors: Yangliang Huang, Ying Zang, Lijun Zhou, Wenshan Gui, Xianguo Liu, Yi Zhong

Journal, date & volume: Neurochem. Int., 2014 Sep , 75, 112-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24893330


Abstract
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a common form of peripheral neuropathy, yet the mechanisms responsible for chronic pain in this disease are poorly understood. The up-regulation of the expression and function of voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 has been implicated in DN, however, the exact mechanism is unclear. In the present study, we found that a proportion of streptozotocin (STZ)-treated rats suffered from mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia for a long-lasting time. Nav1.7 was up-regulated in spinal dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of rats with DN, double immunofluorescence staining showed that the increased Nav1.7 was co-localized with large and small sized neurons but not satellite glial cells. Inhibiting the synthesis of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) by thalidomide prevented DN, accompanied by strongly blocking the up-regulation of Nav1.7, TNF-α and p-nucleus factor-kappa B (p-NF-κB) in DRG. Intrathecal injection of NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) significantly attenuated the pain behaviors and over-expression of Nav1.7 in DRG neurons. These data suggest that increased TNF-α may be responsible for up-regulation of Nav1.7 in DRG neurons of rats with DN, and NF-κB signal pathway is involved in this process. The findings might provide potential target for preventing diabetic neuropathy.