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PubMed 24996904


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1



Title: Genetic variants within the second intron of the KCNQ1 gene affect CTCF binding and confer a risk of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome upon maternal transmission.

Authors: Julie Demars, Mansur Ennuri Shmela, Abdul Waheed Khan, Kai Syin Lee, Salah Azzi, Patrice Dehais, Irène Netchine, Sylvie Rossignol, Yves Le Bouc, Assam El-Osta, Christine Gicquel

Journal, date & volume: J. Med. Genet., 2014 Aug , 51, 502-11

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24996904


Abstract
Disruption of 11p15 imprinting results in two fetal growth disorders with opposite phenotypes: the Beckwith-Wiedemann (BWS; MIM 130650) and the Silver-Russell (SRS; MIM 180860) syndromes. DNA methylation defects account for 60% of BWS and SRS cases and, in most cases, occur without any identified mutation in a cis-acting regulatory sequence or a trans-acting factor.We investigated whether 11p15 cis-acting sequence variants account for primary DNA methylation defects in patients with SRS and BWS with loss of DNA methylation at ICR1 and ICR2, respectively.We identified a 4.5 kb haplotype that, upon maternal transmission, is associated with a risk of ICR2 loss of DNA methylation in patients with BWS. This novel region is located within the second intron of the KCNQ1 gene, 170 kb upstream of the ICR2 imprinting centre and encompasses two CTCF binding sites. We showed that, within the 4.5 kb region, two SNPs (rs11823023 and rs179436) affect CTCF occupancy at DNA motifs flanking the CTCF 20 bp core motif.This study shows that genetic variants confer a risk of DNA methylation defect with a parent-of-origin effect and highlights the crucial role of CTCF for the regulation of genomic imprinting of the CDKN1C/KCNQ1 domain.