Channelpedia

PubMed 24360572


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , Cav3.3



Title: Exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields inhibits T-type calcium channels via AA/LTE4 signaling pathway.

Authors: Yujie Cui, Xiaoyu Liu, Tingting Yang, Yan-Ai Mei, Changlong Hu

Journal, date & volume: Cell Calcium, 2014 Jan , 55, 48-58

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24360572


Abstract
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) causes various biological effects through altering intracellular calcium homeostasis. The role of high voltage-gated (HVA) calcium channels in ELF-EMF induced effects has been extensively studied. However, the effect of ELF-EMF on low-voltage-gated (LVA) T-type calcium channels has not been reported. In this study, we test the effect of ELF-EMF (50Hz) on human T-type calcium channels transfected in HEK293 cells. Conversely to its stimulant effects on HVA channels, ELF-EMF exposure inhibited all T-type (Cav3.1, Cav3.2 and Cav3.3) channels. Neither the protein expression nor the steady-state activation and inactivation kinetics of Cav3.2 channels were altered by ELF-EMF (50Hz, 0.2mT) exposure. Exposure to ELF-EMF increased both arachidonic acid (AA) and leukotriene E4 (LTE4) levels in HEK293 cells. CAY10502 and bestatin, which block the increase of AA and LTE4 respectively, abrogated the ELF-EMF inhibitory effect on Cav3.2 channels. Exogenous LTE4 mimicked the ELF-EMF inhibition of T-type calcium channels. ELF-EMF (50Hz) inhibits native T-type calcium channels in primary cultured mouse cortical neurons via LTE4. We conclude that 50Hz ELF-EMF inhibits T-type calcium channels through AA/LTE4 signaling pathway.