Channelpedia

PubMed 24391766


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3



Title: A novel SP1/SP3 dependent intronic enhancer governing transcription of the UCP3 gene in brown adipocytes.

Authors: Christoph Hoffmann, Anika Zimmermann, Anke Hinney, Anna-Lena Volckmar, Harry W Jarrett, Tobias Fromme, Martin Klingenspor

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2013 , 8, e83426

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24391766


Abstract
Uncoupling protein (UCP) 3 is a mitochondrial inner membrane protein implicated in lipid handling and metabolism of reactive oxygen species. Its transcription is mainly regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR), a family of nuclear hormone receptors. Employing bandshift assays, RNA interference and reporter gene assays we examine an intronic region in the UCP3 gene harboring a cis-element essential for expression in brown adipocytes. We demonstrate binding of SP1 and SP3 to this element which is adjacent to a direct repeat 1 element mediating activation of UCP3 expression by PPARγ agonists. Transactivation mediated by these elements is interdependent and indispensable for UCP3 expression. Systematic deletion uncovered a third binding element, a putative NF1 site, in close proximity to the SP1/3 and PPARγ binding elements. Data mining demonstrated binding of MyoD and Myogenin to this third element in C2C12 cells, and, furthermore, revealed recruitment of p300. Taken together, this intronic region is the main enhancer driving UCP3 expression with SP1/3 and PPARγ as the core factors required for expression.