PubMed 24656753

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1 , TRPC4

Title: Differential deregulation of astrocytic calcium signalling by amyloid-β, TNFα, IL-1β and LPS.

Authors: Virginia Ronco, Ambra A Grolla, Toma N Glasnov, Pier Luigi Canonico, Alexei Verkhratsky, Armando A Genazzani, Dmitry Lim

Journal, date & volume: Cell Calcium, 2014 Apr , 55, 219-29

PubMed link:

In Alzheimer's disease (AD), astrocytes undergo complex morphological and functional changes that include early atrophy, reactive activation and Ca(2+) deregulation. Recently, we proposed a mechanism by which nanomolar Aβ42 deregulates mGluR5 and InsP3 receptors, the key elements of astrocytic Ca(2+) signalling toolkit. To evaluate the specificity of these changes, we have now investigated whether the effects of Aβ42 on Ca(2+) signalling machinery can be reproduced by pro-inflammatory agents (TNFα, IL-1β, LPS). Here we report that Aβ42 (100nM, 72h) significantly increased mRNA levels of mGluR5, InsP3R1 and InsP3R2, whereas pro-inflammatory agents reduced expression of these specific mRNAs. Furthermore, DHPG-induced Ca(2+) signals and store operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) were augmented in Aβ42-treated cells due to up-regulation of a set of Ca(2+) signalling-related genes including TRPC1 and TRPC4. Opposite changes were observed when astrocytes were treated with TNFα, IL-1β and LPS. Last, the effects observed on SOCE by treating wild-type astrocytes with Aβ42 were also identified in untreated astrocytes from 3×Tg-AD animals, suggesting a link to the AD pathology. Our results demonstrate that effects of Aβ42 on astrocytic Ca(2+) signalling differ from and may contrast to the effects of pro-inflammatory agents.