Channelpedia

PubMed 24658703


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1



Title: Brown fat determination and development from muscle precursor cells by novel action of bone morphogenetic protein 6.

Authors: Ankur Sharma, Christine Huard, Cecile Vernochet, Daniel Ziemek, Kelly M Knowlton, Edyta Tyminski, Theresa Paradis, Ying Zhang, Jessica E C Jones, David von Schack, Christopher T Brown, Patrice M Milos, Anthony J Coyle, Frederic Tremblay, Robert V Martinez

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2014 , 9, e92608

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24658703


Abstract
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a pivotal role in promoting energy expenditure by the virtue of uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) that differentiates BAT from its energy storing white adipose tissue (WAT) counterpart. The clinical implication of "classical" BAT (originates from Myf5 positive myoblastic lineage) or the "beige" fat (originates through trans-differentiation of WAT) activation in improving metabolic parameters is now becoming apparent. However, the inducers and endogenous molecular determinants that govern the lineage commitment and differentiation of classical BAT remain obscure. We report here that in the absence of any forced gene expression, stimulation with bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6) induces brown fat differentiation from skeletal muscle precursor cells of murine and human origins. Through a comprehensive transcriptional profiling approach, we have discovered that two days of BMP6 stimulation in C2C12 myoblast cells is sufficient to induce genes characteristic of brown preadipocytes. This developmental switch is modulated in part by newly identified regulators, Optineurin (Optn) and Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox2). Furthermore, pathway analyses using the Causal Reasoning Engine (CRE) identified additional potential causal drivers of this BMP6 induced commitment switch. Subsequent analyses to decipher key pathway that facilitates terminal differentiation of these BMP6 primed cells identified a key role for Insulin Like Growth Factor-1 Receptor (IGF-1R). Collectively these data highlight a therapeutically innovative role for BMP6 by providing a means to enhance the amount of myogenic lineage derived brown fat.