PubMed 25330661

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2

Title: [Effects of intracellular calcium alteration on SK currents in atrial cardiomyocytes from patients with atrial fibrillation].

Authors: Hua Wang, Tao Li, Li Zhang, Yan Yang, Xiao-Rong Zeng

Journal, date & volume: Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi, 2014 Jul , 30, 296-300, 305

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SK channels are existed in hearts of mouse, rat, and human. Biochemical evidence indicates that SK2 channels are expressed more in atrial than in ventricular tissue. SK channels are highly sensitive to the calcium concentration of the pipette solution. In the present study, performed whole-cell patch clamp was used to detect the calcium sensitivity of small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels (SK) currents between sinus ryhthm (SR) and auricular fibrillation (AF).The patients who accepted cardiopulmonary bypass were divided into two groups: 21 patients with SR and 8 patients with AF. The enzymatic dissociation method was improved according to the previous research by our lab. The performed whole cell patch-clamp technique was used to record SK2 currents in both SR and AF groups at room temperature.The SK2 current density was (-2.92 +/- 0.35) pA/pF in SR group (n = 6) vs (-6.83 +/- 0.19) pA/pF in AF group at -130 mV (n = 3, P < 0.05). In SR group, the SK2 current densities in calcium concentration of the pipette solution are (-1.43 +/- 0.33) pA/pF (n = 7), (-2.92 +/- 0.35) pA/pF (n = 6), (-10.11 +/- 2.15) pA/pF (n = 8, P < 0.05); In AF group, the SK2 current densities are (-2.17 +/- 0.40) pA/pF (n = 4), (-6.83 +/- 0.19) pA/pF (n = 3), (-14.47 +/- 2.89 pA/pF) (n = 4, P < 0.05).The SK2 currents recorded in this experiment are voltage-independent, inwardly rectifying and apamin-sensitive. When the calcium concentration of the pipette solution is 5 x 10(-7) mol/L, SK2 current density in AF group are significantly larger than those in SR group. It suggests that SK currents involve the cardiomyocytes electric remodeling in AF. In AF group, the SK2 currents are more sensitive to free calcium ion. It shows that the increased sensitivity of SK2 currents to the calcium contribute to the occurrence and maintenance of AF.