Channelpedia

PubMed 23811359


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1



Title: Adrenergic regulation of cardiac ionic channels: role of membrane microdomains in the regulation of kv4 channels.

Authors: Mónica Gallego, Aintzane Alday, Hiart Alonso, Oscar Casis

Journal, date & volume: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2014 Feb , 1838, 692-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23811359


Abstract
The heart must constantly adapt its activity to the needs of the body. In any potentially dangerous or physically demanding situation the activated sympathetic nervous system leads a very fast cardiac response. Under these circumstances, α1-adrenergic receptors activate intracellular signaling pathways that finally phosphorylate the caveolae-located subpopulation of Kv4 channels and reduce the transient outward K(+) current (Ito) amplitude. This reduction changes the shape of the cardiac action potential and makes the plateau phase to start at higher voltages. This means that there are more calcium ions entering the myocyte and the result is an increase in the strength of the contraction. However, an excessive reduction of Ito could dangerously prolong action potential duration and this could cause arrhythmias when the heart rate is high. This excessive current reduction does not occur because there is a second population of Ito channels located in non-caveolar membrane rafts that are not accessible for α1-AR mediated regulation. Thus, the location of the components of a given transduction signaling pathway in membrane domains determines the correct and safe behavior of the heart. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Reciprocal influences between cell cytoskeleton and membrane channels, receptors and transporters. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Reciprocal influences between cell cytoskeleton and membrane channels, receptors and transporters. Guest Editor: Jean Claude Hervé.