Channelpedia

PubMed 24002024


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.1



Title: Drug screening in Scn1a zebrafish mutant identifies clemizole as a potential Dravet syndrome treatment.

Authors: Scott C Baraban, Matthew T Dinday, Gabriela A Hortopan

Journal, date & volume: Nat Commun, 2013 , 4, 2410

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24002024


Abstract
Dravet syndrome is a catastrophic pediatric epilepsy with severe intellectual disability, impaired social development and persistent drug-resistant seizures. One of its primary monogenic causes are mutations in Nav1.1 (SCN1A), a voltage-gated sodium channel. Here we characterize zebrafish Nav1.1 (scn1Lab) mutants originally identified in a chemical mutagenesis screen. Mutants exhibit spontaneous abnormal electrographic activity, hyperactivity and convulsive behaviours. Although scn1Lab expression is reduced, microarray analysis is remarkable for the small fraction of differentially expressed genes (~3%) and lack of compensatory expression changes in other scn subunits. Ketogenic diet, diazepam, valproate, potassium bromide and stiripentol attenuate mutant seizure activity; seven other antiepileptic drugs have no effect. A phenotype-based screen of 320 compounds identifies a US Food and Drug Administration-approved compound (clemizole) that inhibits convulsive behaviours and electrographic seizures. This approach represents a new direction in modelling pediatric epilepsy and could be used to identify novel therapeutics for any monogenic epilepsy disorder.