Channelpedia

PubMed 24005160


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNK3 , Kir6.2



Title: Hedgehog agonist therapy corrects structural and cognitive deficits in a Down syndrome mouse model.

Authors: Ishita Das, Joo-Min Park, Jung H Shin, Soo Kyeong Jeon, Hernan Lorenzi, David J Linden, Paul F Worley, Roger H Reeves

Journal, date & volume: Sci Transl Med, 2013 Sep 4 , 5, 201ra120

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24005160


Abstract
Down syndrome (DS) is among the most frequent genetic causes of intellectual disability, and ameliorating this deficit is a major goal in support of people with trisomy 21. The Ts65Dn mouse recapitulates some major brain structural and behavioral phenotypes of DS, including reduced size and cellularity of the cerebellum and learning deficits associated with the hippocampus. We show that a single treatment of newborn mice with the Sonic hedgehog pathway agonist SAG 1.1 (SAG) results in normal cerebellar morphology in adults. Further, SAG treatment at birth rescued phenotypes associated with hippocampal deficits that occur in untreated adult Ts65Dn mice. This treatment resulted in behavioral improvements and normalized performance in the Morris water maze task for learning and memory. SAG treatment also produced physiological effects and partially rescued both N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity and NMDA/AMPA receptor ratio, physiological measures associated with memory. These outcomes confirm an important role for the hedgehog pathway in cerebellar development and raise the possibility for its direct influence in hippocampal function. The positive results from this approach suggest a possible direction for therapeutic intervention to improve cognitive function for this population.