PubMed 24342771

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNK3 , KCNK9 , Kir6.2 , SK3

Title: Recovery of current through mutated TASK3 potassium channels underlying Birk Barel syndrome.

Authors: Emma L Veale, Mustafa Hassan, Yvonne Walsh, Ehab Al-Moubarak, Alistair Mathie

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Pharmacol., 2014 Mar , 85, 397-407

PubMed link:

TASK3 (TWIK-related acid-sensitive K(+) channel 3) potassium channels are members of the two-pore-domain potassium channel family. They are responsible for background leak potassium currents found in many cell types. TASK3 channels are genetically imprinted, and a mutation in TASK3 (G236R) is responsible for Birk Barel mental retardation dysmorphism syndrome, a maternally transmitted developmental disorder. This syndrome may arise from a neuronal migration defect during development caused by dysfunctional TASK3 channels. Through the use of whole-cell electrophysiologic recordings, we have found that, although G236R mutated TASK3 channels give rise to a functional current, this current is significantly smaller in an outward direction when compared with wild-type (WT) TASK3 channels. In contrast to WT TASK3 channels, the current is inwardly rectifying. Furthermore, the current through mutated channels is differentially sensitive to a number of regulators, such as extracellular acidification, extracellular zinc, and activation of Gαq-coupled muscarinic (M3) receptors, compared with WT TASK3 channels. The reduced outward current through mutated TASK3_G236R channels can be overcome, at least in part, by both a gain-of-function additional mutation of TASK3 channels (A237T) or by application of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug flufenamic acid (FFA; 2-{[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino}benzoic acid). FFA produces a significantly greater enhancement of current through mutated channels than through WT TASK3 channels. We propose that pharmacologic enhancement of mutated TASK3 channel current during development may, therefore, provide a potentially useful therapeutic strategy in the treatment of Birk Barel syndrome.