Channelpedia

PubMed 24932360


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Nav1.5



Title: GENETICS OF LONG QT SYNDROME.

Authors: David J Tester, Michael J Ackerman

Journal, date & volume: Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J, 2014 1 , 10, 29-33

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24932360


Abstract
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a potentially life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia characterized by delayed myocardial repolarization that produces QT prolongation and increased risk for torsades des pointes (TdP)-triggered syncope, seizures, and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an otherwise healthy young individual with a structurally normal heart. Currently, there are three major LQTS genes (KCNQ1, KCNH2, and SCN5A) that account for approximately 75% of the disorder. For the major LQTS genotypes, genotype-phenotype correlations have yielded gene-specific arrhythmogenic triggers, electrocardiogram (ECG) patterns, response to therapies, and intragenic and increasingly mutation-specific risk stratification. The 10 minor LQTS-susceptibility genes collectively account for less than 5% of LQTS cases. In addition, three atypical LQTS or multisystem syndromic disorders that have been associated with QT prolongation have been described, including ankyrin-B syndrome, Anderson-Tawil syndrome (ATS), and Timothy syndrome (TS). Genetic testing for LQTS is recommended in patients with either a strong clinical index of suspicion or persistent QT prolongation despite their asymptomatic state. However, genetic test results must be interpreted carefully.